Remove old snaps from ubuntu

Remove old snaps from ubuntu

Ubuntu Snaps

What is Snaps

Snaps are applications packaged with all their dependencies to run on all popular Linux distributions from a single build. They update automatically and roll back gracefully. Whether you’re building for desktop, cloud, or the Internet of Things, publishing as a snap will keep users up to date and make system configuration issues less likely, freeing you to code more and debug less.
From Ubuntu

Discover installed snaps

Sometimes you can see a lot of loop devices mounted on your linux

[email protected]:~$ df -h
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/loop3 22M 22M 0 100% /snap/gnome-logs/31
/dev/loop1 3,8M 3,8M 0 100% /snap/gnome-system-monitor/45
/dev/loop2 3,8M 3,8M 0 100% /snap/gnome-system-monitor/51
/dev/loop0 141M 141M 0 100% /snap/gnome-3-26-1604/59
/dev/loop4 2,4M 2,4M 0 100% /snap/gnome-calculator/170
/dev/loop5 15M 15M 0 100% /snap/gnome-logs/37
/dev/loop7 87M 87M 0 100% /snap/core/4650
/dev/loop6 233M 233M 0 100% /snap/pycharm-community/62
/dev/loop10 163M 163M 0 100% /snap/spotify/16
/dev/loop11 5,0M 5,0M 0 100% /snap/canonical-livepatch/39
/dev/loop8 13M 13M 0 100% /snap/gnome-characters/101
/dev/loop9 141M 141M 0 100% /snap/gnome-3-26-1604/70
/dev/loop12 87M 87M 0 100% /snap/core/4830
/dev/loop13 140M 140M 0 100% /snap/gnome-3-26-1604/64
/dev/loop14 13M 13M 0 100% /snap/gnome-characters/103
/dev/loop16 5,0M 5,0M 0 100% /snap/canonical-livepatch/41
/dev/loop15 87M 87M 0 100% /snap/core/4917
/dev/loop17 237M 237M 0 100% /snap/pycharm-community/64
/dev/loop18 2,4M 2,4M 0 100% /snap/gnome-calculator/178
/dev/sda2 96M 37M 60M 38% /boot/efi
/dev/loop20 2,4M 2,4M 0 100% /snap/gnome-calculator/180
/dev/loop19 13M 13M 0 100% /snap/gnome-characters/96
/dev/loop21 227M 227M 0 100% /snap/pycharm-community/74
/dev/loop22 3,8M 3,8M 0 100% /snap/gnome-system-monitor/41
/dev/loop23 15M 15M 0 100% /snap/gnome-logs/34
/dev/loop24 35M 35M 0 100% /snap/gtk-common-themes/319

On this case, you can remove that old snaps. First of all, you should list the snaps installed and than remove it:

[email protected]:~$ snap list --all
Name Version Rev Tracking Publisher Notes
canonical-livepatch 8.0.1 39 stable canonical disabled
canonical-livepatch 8.0.2 41 stable canonical -
core 16-2.33 4830 stable canonical core,disabled
core 16-2.32.8 4650 stable canonical core,disabled
core 16-2.33.1 4917 stable canonical core
gnome-3-26-1604 3.26.0 59 stable/… canonical disabled
gnome-3-26-1604 3.26.0 70 stable/… canonical -
gnome-3-26-1604 3.26.0 64 stable/… canonical disabled
gnome-calculator 3.28.1 178 stable/… canonical disabled
gnome-calculator 3.28.2 180 stable/… canonical -
gnome-calculator 3.28.1 170 stable/… canonical disabled
gnome-characters 3.28.2 96 stable/… canonical disabled
gnome-characters 3.28.2 103 stable/… canonical -
gnome-characters 3.28.2 101 stable/… canonical disabled
gnome-logs 3.28.2 34 stable/… canonical disabled
gnome-logs 3.28.0 31 stable/… canonical disabled
gnome-logs 3.28.2 37 stable/… canonical -
gnome-system-monitor 3.28.2 51 stable/… canonical -
gnome-system-monitor 3.26.0 41 stable/… canonical disabled
gnome-system-monitor 3.26.0 45 stable/… canonical disabled
gtk-common-themes 0.1 319 stable canonical -
pycharm-community 2018.1.3 62 stable jetbrains disabled,classic
pycharm-community 2018.1.4 64 stable jetbrains disabled,classic
pycharm-community 2018.2 74 stable jetbrains classic
spotify 16 stable spotify -

Remove one-by-one

We have some disabled snaps and these could be removed.

[email protected]:~$ sudo snap remove canonical-livepatch --revision=39
canonical-livepatch removed

Remove like a boss

But, I guess it is a quite annoying to do one by one, isn’t it?
However, we have in our favor a super super tool: Bash!

[email protected]:~$ for i in $(snap list --all |grep disabled | awk '{print $1";"$3}'); do sudo snap remove ${i%;*} --revision ${i#*;}; done
core removed
core removed
gnome-3-26-1604 removed
gnome-3-26-1604 removed
gnome-calculator removed
gnome-calculator removed
gnome-characters removed
gnome-characters removed
gnome-logs removed
gnome-logs removed
gnome-system-monitor removed
gnome-system-monitor removed
pycharm-community removed
pycharm-community removed

Understand the magix

The trick here is using bash substring. Instead to use cut or awk again, and use the same loop, this command create a list with name;revision.


Than, I use the substring to take the each portion from i.
First: ${i%;*}. It’ll remove shortest match from the ; until the end of string *.

Deletes shortest match of $substring from back of $string.


In the other hand, ${i#*;} will remove shortest match from the begin * until ;.

Deletes shortest match of $substring from front of $string.


Docker commands to survive

Docker commands to survive

docker ps –size

An important command which I discovered and use is docker ps --size.
Its show what is the size of the container.

[[email protected] ~]$ docker ps --size
dbffabfb478a docker:17.05-dind "dockerd-entrypoin..." 4 weeks ago Up About a minute 2375/tcp docker1705-dind 10.2MB (virtual 110MB)

On this case, you can see the column size which show 10.2MB (virtual 110MB). Compare with the output of docker images:

[[email protected] ~]$ docker images
docker 17.05-dind b547d892dffa 4 weeks ago 99.6MB

We discover the virtual size is the sum of image size + 10.2MB (this space was used creating a file with dd command).

The slice (or slices) that compose the base image is not used for each instance that you run with docker, only the the difference will be stored on the hard disk.
In this case represented by 10.2MB.

free space used by docker containers and images

[[email protected] ~]$ docker rm $(docker ps -aq)
[[email protected] ~]$ docker rmi $(docker images -aq)
[[email protected] ~]$ docker volume rm $(docker volume ls -q)

Inspect a container and discover its pid

If you have any PID that you saw using a lot of resource (like CPU or memory), use this command to inspect all
running dockers and its respective PID - ID - NAME.

[[email protected] docker]$ docker ps -q | xargs docker inspect --format '{{.State.Pid}}|{{.ID}}|{{.Name}}'
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